Oppression among First Nation People: Canada

Oppression among First Nations peoples in Canada The detrimental enforcement of colonialism sparked an era of oppression that has altered, even destroyed years of cultural and spiritual traditions by creating a forced lifestyle that changed the face of First Nations peoples forever. Forced European culture resulted in the diminishing of Firsts Nations values and rights. A cycle of social, physical, and spiritual obliteration resulted from the dispossession of First Nations lands and the implementation of foreign methods of government.
Poverty, poor health, and substance abuse are some of the long-term side effects that came about from this oppression. European settlers came overseas, unwelcome into First Nations territory with absolutely no respect for their traditions and ways of living. Over time children were taken away from their families and native homelands to attend residential schools; Native students were given new names and taught to speak English. Residential schools attempted to brainwash First Nations children to erase their native culture and traditions.
First Nations peoples were defenseless under the power of the Europeans; their rights were ignored and their values were completely demoralized. First Nations peoples were forced down the path of violence and educational failure, which eventually led to poverty. These effects were a direct result of the disrespect and insensible attitude put forth towards First Nations peoples by the European settlers. The introduction of Residential schools to the First Nations peoples of Canada was a system that began in New France in 1620, and was known as “the experiment of education of Indian Children in residential establishments. (Timeline: Canada’s Residential School History) These schools had a system that was based upon the idea of “kill the Indian, save the man” (Capt. Charles Pratt, founder of the Carlyle Indian School. ) European authorities were trying to Europeanize the First Nation occupants of Canada by instilling in the minds of young First Nations children the beliefs and values of the European culture. The Clash of two different cultures brought upon destructive trauma amongst the First Nations peoples and their future.

The government formed a rule that prohibited the First Nations people’s ability to develop their own culture through their rich traditions. Cultural genocide resulted from years of oppression, and social violence. According to Dr. Leslie Korn, “Community development that is not self determined precipitates intergenerational trauma in individuals and communities. When this occurs people suffer loss and grieve over ways of life. Families divide and rituals of celebration and healing lose meaning” (Dr. Leslie Korn: Community trauma and development).
The development of a culture is jeopardized when change is implemented on a certain group by another group. This reflects the result of European influence on First Nations peoples. By 1870, the government and missionaries shared the same objective of lowering First Nations children into the reaches of society. By 1920, First Nations children aging from 7-15 years were forced away from their families by priests, Indian agents and police officers as it was now compulsory to attend residential schools. As the years moved along, residential schools slowly faded away.
It wasn’t until 1980, where sexual, and other forms of abuse were finally removed. In 1996, the last residential that was federally ran was closed. Most First Nations children, from birth, are surrounded by the attitude, and social obligation of being faithless. The short story Traplines, written by Eden Robinson, is about a young aboriginal boy named Will. Will is falling deeper and deeper into a dark lifestyle that seemingly has no hope. Surrounded buy substance abuse, alcoholism, physical and emotional abuse, Will is caught up in a trap that many aboriginal teenagers misguidedly find themselves falling into.
Will is an adolescent teenager that seems to have a silent side of him that wants to change his life. Will doesn’t partake in alcohol or drug consumption, but seems to be desensitized to what is taking place at home and in the community. Will contemplates whether or not he should take the offer put forth by his English teacher, Mrs. Smythe, to move into her and her husband’s household and receive a priceless opportunity for a better start to his life journey. An opportunity that offers much safer and more rewarding lifestyle filled with love and morals.
It seems Will doesn’t feel deserving of that deliverance from the violent, detrimental lifestyle he is surrounded by at home. The frequent abusive confrontations Will experiences at home are evident in the text, “Are you a sissy? I got a sissy for a son. Look. Like cutting up a chicken see? Pretend your skinning a chicken” (379). Will’s father is verbally abusive when Will shows the slightest discomfort towards skinning the marten they had trapped. Accompanied by abuse, alcoholism is also evident in the text.
Wills explains the tendencies of his parents on the weekends, “They’ll probably find a party and go on a bender until Monday, when dad has to go back to work” (380). This shows that his parents who are supposed to guide him and raise him properly, would rather waste their weekends away by drinking and doing drugs. Will is forced to stay at his friends house when his parents are drinking in order to avoid the violence that follows alcohol, “I’m not going home until tomorrow, when mom and dad are sober” (388). In doing so, Will is exposed to watching his friend smoke crack.
When confronted by his father about the offer presented by Mrs. Smythe, Will is immediately accused for telling her about the abuse occurring at home. Will’s father uses intimidation to overwhelm Will with fear towards sharing with others what takes place at home. Instead of apologizing, and sensing that his son may not want to live at home anymore, Wills father shows anger towards Will. All of the conflicts involved in this short story are a direct result of hundreds of years of colonialism and oppression. The European system that was taking over First Nations peoples and their lands was that of patriarchy.
A male dominated social system brought about massive sexual exploitation amongst First Nations women; prostitution is a graphic example of how deeply patriarchy has wounded the lives of this particular group of women. First Nations women, and men for that matter, did not have the power to overcome the forceful European invasion. Prostitution in First Nations women is obvious evidence of oppression and colonialism that is still very visible today. Ever since the first European contact, First Nations women have been sexually exploited.
The first brothels in Canada were set up around military bases and trading posts, European men demanded sexual accessibility to the defenseless First Nations women. In order to supply the business of prostitution, a low self esteem and demoralized group of women is required. Through the power of colonialism, the oppression involved allowed the First Nations women to fall into this lifestyle. Colonialism, childhood sexual abuse, childhood physical abuse and neglect, family addictions, husband violence, and alcoholism are all vital ssues that lead First Nations women into prostitution. Lorne Crozier’s “Dark Ages of the Sea” reflects First Nations peoples as a metaphor of being children that fall into wells, “there was a time when / children fell into wells” (6-7).
This reflects First Nations peoples helplessly falling to the power of the European invasion. A race of people who had no education about the effects of what was happening to them, hopeless like a child falling into a well. When Europeans came overseas and found this new land, they were blind to the ways First Nations peoples lived their lives: nd a faith in things invisible, be it water never seen or something trembling in the air (12-15). The excitement of the European people when finding this new land blinded them towards the rights of First Nations peoples. The new waters travelled to arrive at this new land, was the “water never seen” (13-14). Regardless of what happened to the First Nations peoples and the land that is rightfully theirs. Sensing opportunity, the Europeans wanted to expand into this foreign land they have stumbled across, “something / trembling in the air” (14-15).
Once realizing the unstoppable power of the Europeans, the First Nations spirits were severely damaged, “We are born to fall / and children fell” (16-17). This resembles the wounded spirits of the First Nations peoples, slipping into the realm of violence and abuse. The surviving members of the First Nations community passed along the stories of suffer and change that came about through the establishment of colonialism and oppression, “Some surviving / to tell the tale” (18-19).
Like a new born calf whose mother passed at birth, blinded and wet, experiencing a new world outside its womb with no guidance; the First Nations peoples were abruptly introduced into a new world, blind towards the harsh reality in which the Europeans were about to instill upon them with no guidance, “Wet and blind with terror / like a calf” (22-23). Over the past 400 years, First Nations peoples have been struggling to improve their lives. Re-establishing old traditions and values that have been lost throughout years of oppression has been a very slow process.
With the help of non-First Nation peoples in Canada, realizing the detrimental damage that has been caused, there are establishments and groups all across Canada joining the fight to replenish what has been torn apart. The teachings and rich traditions that the First Nations peoples have developed are being shared and taught at a rate that is increasing as time passes along.
Works Cited

“Timeline – Canada’s Residential School History. ” virtualmuseum. ca. virtual museum, n. d. Tues. 16 Nov. 2010.
“History of Indian Residential Schools. ” afn. ca. afn, n. d. Tues. 16 Nov. 2010. Lynn, Jacqueline. Prostitution of First Nations Woman in Canada. ” sisyphe. org. sisyphe, 17 May. 2005. Tues. 16 Nov. 2010. Dr. Korn, Leslie.
“Community Trauma and Development. ” center for traditional medicine, Aug. 1997. Tues. 16 Nov. 2010.
“Aboriginal Issues. ” social justice, n. d. 16 Nov. 2010. Robinson, Eden. “Traplines. ” The Wascana ANTHOLOGY OF SHORT FICTION. 1999. 378-395. Print. Crozier, Lorne.
“Dark Ages of the Sea. ” Cyr, Annette. “Long Term Effects of Residential School. ” suite101. com. suite101, 3 Mar. 2009. Tues. 16 Nov. 2010.


Role of Youths in Nation Building Essay

Youths play an important role in progress and development of our nation as they constitute a majority portion of the total population of the country. The efforts of youth can help in rapid growth and development of our nation. Youth are the building blocks in the economical and social development of a nation.
Well educated and trained youths contribute their skills in almost every sector in a developing economy. They give their services as engineers, doctors, administrators, teachers, lecturers, and in several other capacities. The energy level and confidence of youths make them take risk and achieve new heights in their respective domains. Youths in a nation, create a productive and efficient environment conducive to economical and social progress of the nation.
Long and Short Essay on Role of Youths in Nation Building in English

Here are long and short essay on Role of Youth in Nation Building of varying length in English to help you with the topic in your exams.
These Role of Youths in Nation Building Essay will make you familiar with the power of youths and what they can contribute to the development of a nation.
You can select any Role of Youth in Nation Building essay which you like the best for you and present it during your school’s/college’s essay writing or debate competition.
So, go through these and enjoy reading the following essay:
Short Essay on Role of Youths in Nation Building – Essay 1 (200 words)
Nation building refers to the process of engaging all the citizens in the development of the nation. The future as well as the present of our country is in the hands of its youths. So, the contribution of youth is important in structuring the nation.
Youth is the time when innovative and creative thoughts and ideas pop up in mind and which shape up the community and the nation we live in. The policies, plans and development works of the nation can best be implemented by youth. They are more enthusiastic and energetic and if their potential is used in the right direction they can ensure rapid progress.
Youth constitutes major portion of the total national population. Around 25 percent population of the world is youth. Such a major portion of the population plays an important role in the development of the nation and cannot be ignored. The determination and energy with which youth can work makes them the most valuable and capable citizens of the nation. However, it is important that the youth gets to exercise their freedom of speech, ideas and opinions. They should get the right platform to voice their opinions, share their ideas and showcase their talent.

Essay on Role of Youths in Nation Building and Progress – Essay 2 (300 words)
Youth of our country are the future of our nation and represent the most dynamic section of population. Youth and their actions contribute to the development of a nation like India. The value of the country is known by its people, it is the intelligence and the work of the people that leads towards the progress of the nation.
Every citizen of our country plays an important role in the progress and development of our country. If our youths seriously start working for the development of country, they can become important elements of the nation and can contribute immensely in its growth and development.
Key Elements in Achieving Progress
There are three key elements that contribute towards the progress of a nation. These are education, employment and empowerment. A nation develops at a steady pace when the youth of the country is educated and their education is put to right use. Majority of youths in our country are uneducated. Most of them can’t read and write.
So, illiteracy is one of the biggest problems of our nation. The illiterate population of our country holds back and hinders the progress of our nation. The government of our country must make special efforts to provide right education to them in order to make them think logically, rationally and open mindedly. This will help them act in a responsible manner and work for the progress of our nation.

Providing employment opportunities to the unemployed and underemployed youths of the nation is also very important. Lack of employment opportunities can lead to social unrest. Thirdly, it is vital to empower the youth to take charge of their life. It is important to promote their rights and involve them in community decision-making. It is important to channelize the energy and intelligence of youths in the right direction and provide them employment opportunities as per their potential or they may move to a wrong track in life. Youths should be prevented from engaging in violent or other evil activities.
Thus, the power of youth should be used wisely for the progress of our nation. It is important to frame policies which aim at empowering our youths to assure better tomorrow and brighter future.

Essay on Role of Youths in National Development – Essay 3 (400 words)
National development is a constructive process of engaging all the people of the country in building political stability, social unity and economic prosperity of the country in an all encompassing and democratic manner. It involves all citizens in the process of development of the nation. Youths constitute a major part of the population. Thus, they have the most important role to play in the development of our nation.
Youths are Today and Tomorrow of Our Nation
Youth is not only the partner of today but also the leader of tomorrow. Youth is full of energy and enthusiasm to learn, act and achieve. They are the social actors who can perform to bring revolutionary changes and improvement in the society. The participation of youth is must to achieve any kind of future goals of prosperity, progress, peace and safety.
Similarly, for the development of our nation, youth has the most crucial role to play. If our nation is to achieve progress in the field of science, technology, finances, health, innovation the zealous and sincere participation of youth is required. The energy, creativity, enthusiasm, determination and spirit of youth should be channelized to achieve progress.

To ensure participation of the youths in national development, they need to be encouraged and supported by their parents, civil society and government. Providing quality education, employment opportunities and empowerment to the youths are key factors in achieving progress and development of the nation. Youths deserve rights to get educated, to connect and to question about justice, equality and opportunity.
Youths are Responsible Citizen of the Nation
Youths have certain responsibility towards their nation, which they must recognize and practice instead of blaming the system of our nation. Youths can come together and shape the future of our country. The attitude that “what change can an individual bring to the whole Nation…?” hinders the progress. The correct attitude and urge to serve the nation is very important. Youth are the social actors to bring the change and progress. Youth should be sincere and hardworking as the advancement of nation mostly is in their hands. The principle of integrity should be adopted by youth for progress in any work they take up.
Thus, youths play a significant role in the progress and development of the nation. They can bring rapid change and development with sincere efforts. They have fire in them to fly high and chase the sky. So, if the power of youth is used wisely and optimally then it can surely lead to the national development.

Essay on Youths and Nation – Essay 4 (500 words)
Youths play a crucial role in national development. They are the vital resources worth investment by the nation as they are the most valued possessions for its progress and development.
Understanding the Role of Youths
The emerging global consensus on youth development emphasizes the need to include the perspective of youths in the process of national development with the effective contribution of youths in national development practice. Over the years, there has been an increase in awareness about the important role youths can play in sustainable development of the nation.
Youths have been making tremendous contribution in the improvement of our society. There is hardly any arena, be it cultural, social or economic development of the nation, where youths have not played their role. They make huge contributions to the community at all levels as models, actors, social workers, prolific writers, players, and so on.
Yet, in spite of their valuable contribution towards the development process they have remained unappreciated by the society. Youths have also remained excluded from society’s important socioeconomic decisions. Youths have been exploited in various sectors by their seniors and most of the time they end up as lowest beneficiaries.
Common Factors Hamper the Progress and Development of Youths
Unemployment, underemployment and poverty are some factors that deprive youths from using their full potential for their personal good as well as that of society. The problem of unemployment and underemployment is prevalent in our society due to lack of access to affordable and quality education and training.
Youths have also been weighed down by problem of governance by the elders and conservative adults. There is lack of support and motivation by the community to the youths to pursue careers in creative fields.
Women face gender-based discriminations, marginalization, and violence as well as unequal access to education and opportunities for participation and leadership. Gender based discrimination has deprived young women and girls to take part in socio economic activities. For sustainable development, it is important to provide equal opportunities to youths.
The contribution of youths in the progress and development of nation is not entirely understood or maximized. Youth of our country are making a difference as leaders, activists and role models in various fields. The energy and inspiration of young leaders are key drivers for accelerating progress on sustainable development of our nation.
Without the guidance, support and recognition from government and other decision makers’ youths are often unequipped to use their full potential, which negatively effects their life and society. As encouraged and inspired citizens, young people are the most important resources to bring about positive change in the society. They have the potential to take a lead in the process of progress and development of the nation.
Therefore, we need to utilize the power of our youths for the progress of our nation. We must make the most of their undying energy, innovative ideas and unique perspectives. Youth is surely the most prized possession of the nation and the sooner we realize and utilize their full potential and power the faster our nation will progress and develop.

Long Essay on Role of Youths in Nation Building – Essay 5 (600 words)
Nation building refers to the process of engaging all the citizens of a country in building social unison, political stability and economic prosperity in a comprehensive and democratic manner. Nation building is possible only when all the citizens are involved in the development of the nation. It is the youth of a country that plays the most important role in nation building.
National Development
Nation building involves social harmony, infrastructure development and economic growth of the nation. Participation of youths in growing economy is essential key to national development. Youths are the greatest power of the country therefore significant efforts must be established to help empower them to competently and adequately contribute towards sustainable development of the nation. National development will improve the lives of citizens with the growing economy.
Role of Government in Nation Building
Government should empower youths by including them in the decision making process. The participation of young people in growing economy will instill the feeling of patriotism and encourage them to be responsible citizens of the nation. It will also increase their interest in the progress of their nation which will lead to national development. It is vital to build the future of our youth by providing them education and other means for development.
Education helps in building the right foundation for a person and empowers him to make independent choices and chase his dreams. Employment opportunities must be provided to youth to let them put their energy and skills into practice for their personal growth and economic growth of the nation which will ultimately lead to the overall progress and development of nation. It is important to include youths as participants and respected leaders to use their power. Government should formulate policies to encourage and engage young people in important activities of the nation.
The Power of Youths
Young people are full of ideas and have infinite source of energy to put their ideas into practice. They have strong opinions and do not fear voicing them. Youths are up to date with current happenings and latest technology. So, they are very well suited for various jobs. Youths today are ready to take risks, face challenges and try hard to achieve their goals. They believe in themselves and their abilities to turn their passion into profession which makes them more successful.
Youths want the nation to be a better place. They can criticize the system of the nation as well as stand up to bring about changes towards making the society a better place. They are strong enough to fight for their own rights and for the rights of others as well. They never fear to support the right and raise voice against the wrong. They can fight against social evils – be it corruption, inequality or terrorism. They use social media and other platforms to raise voice against issues such as gender inequality, sexual harassment, religious issues, etc. They don’t blindly accept the notions that are unfair or inhuman.
Youths of our country are open to experimentation and have succeeded and shined nationally and internationally in various fields like dance, music, photography, blogging, modeling, acting, writing and so on. They are smart, witty, intelligent, forward-looking and socially active animals who can bring a huge change. They are passionate about what they do, which is important for progress.
Today, youths are rocking on social media as influencers in fashion, photography and what not. They are bringing positive changes in the society. They make sure that they are seen and heard. They are full of spark and courage to explore everything. They know what they are capable of and how to use their potential in the right direction.
Youths are bringing change with changing times which leads our nation to progress. However, they should get the motivation and support they need to deliver up to their full potential and energy.