Plato biography

Greece had given to us many ideas, inventions and genial persons, and now days it is difficult to imagine our world without them. One of the most famous names of that age was Plato. He was philosopher, mathematic and teacher. Never the less, a few persons know why actually he was so famous. So, do you know where words “Academy’ and В«BenefitВ» came from or who created “Metaphysics” as field of science?
Unfortunately, the extant data, which showed dates and place of Plat’s definitely were sweep away by wind of history, but sorority of historians and sources indicate what it was in period between 429 to 423 BC in Athens. As well as we know, Athens was city-state in Ancient Greece, also many historians calling it “Heart of Greece” or “Cradle of knowledge”. We can conclude that place of born play an important role at formation of Plat’s personality, along with his family was rich and very influential.
High social status of his family gave to him opportunity to have best education. As Plato said lately: quickness of mind and modesty as a boy, and the “first fruits of his youth infused with hard work and love of duty”, and he had learned grammar, music, gymnastic and philosophy. Until 409 BC, Plato was studying at his teacher Socrates; moreover Socrates had big influence at his views of life. Plato was loyal follower and disciple of his teacher, also he created all main ideas with Socratic help. From 409 BC to 404 BC, Plato was in military service.

In 403 BC, he returned to Athens, and he was trying himself at political career. Unfortunately, In 399 BC his teacher and friend Socrates had died. It was as knife to Palates back. After this tragic event, Plato disappointed In politics, he and there follower of Socrates left Athens and started to travel. As well as we can see from historical sources Plato travel was from 399 BC to 387 BC, during his travel he visited Italy, Libya, Serene and Egypt, while he was writing and exchanging of knowledge with other great scientists and philosopher.
In the year 387 BC, then he came back to Athens, Plato founded his school and called Academy. This Academy gave to us a lot of great people, and one of them was Aristotle. In 367 BC, Plato arrived to Syracuse and become a personal tutor of Dionysus II. Furthermore, Plato reamed about state where Philosophers will have reins of government, but not bowl with poison. Unfortunately, the war broke his utopians dreams In 360 BC, after that he came back to Athens and stayed there until his dead In 347 BC.
Plato biography By Tossing-Too career. Unfortunately, in 399 BC his teacher and friend Socrates had died. It was as knife to Plat’s back. After this tragic event, Plato disappointed in politics, he and In 367 SC, Plato with poison. Unfortunately, the war broke his utopians dreams in 360 BC, after that he came back to Athens and stayed there until his dead in 347 BC.


Jane Addams- Biography

The argument Addams makes that “educational matters are more democratic in their political than in their social aspect” (197), I believe she is referring to the long struggle between the teachers and the Chicago School Board. The Chicago School Board was politically corrupt. Many of the teachers and custodial engineers were friends of politicians who secured their positions in exchange for certain kickbacks. The school board maintained control over the school administration for many years.
During which they restricted the types of children that were able to attend the public schools and they restricted the amount of freedom and authority the teachers were able to use in their classrooms. On several different occasions the “Dunne” members of the board attempted to lower the restriction on the teachers side but were warned-off with tales of the politicians and the difficulties previous attempts encountered. Addams’ describes the situation between the superintendent and the Teachers’ Federation as “an epitome of the struggle between efficiency and democracy” (171).
She clearly understood both standpoints and why they both felt compelled to make their argument, although she does mention that they both “inevitably exaggerated the difficulties of the situation” (171). As a member of the school board, Addams tried to influence the Federation to make changes that would be in the best interest of the children, but after the legal struggle and following months of constant change, many of the important measure were withdrawn.

Although she did have an opportunity to debate these measures in a democratic way, they were dismissed because of (more or less) political reasons. Jane Addams’ role for education in an effort to reform the city was to take the disruptive delinquents the public schools rejected and accept them unconditionally into the settlement. Give them the opportunity to learn domestic training and trade teachings. She felt that even people of lesser means were interested in the same topics as the “well-to-do” people of society.
She also thought that if you give a child encouragement and a sense of self-worth combined with an opportunity to become something in society that they would try to become productive. Hull-House offered educational opportunities for anyone who wanted to attend with no political or economic restrictions. Hull-House also offered the opportunity for recreation, such as supervised sports matches, which hundreds of youths seemed to prefer.
Jane Addams’ makes an important statement that “The educational activities of a Settlement, as well as its philanthropic, civic, and social undertakings, are but differing manifestations of the attempt to socialize democracy, as is the very existence of the Settlement itself,” (206). That illustrates her idea of education, which I believe is what she wanted for the public school system, but was unable to achieve while she was a member of the board.


St. Joan of Arc biography

Arc is not only widely known all over the world for her trust in God, but for her outrageous bravery. In this heroic story of Saint Joan of Arc, everyone will be inspired for the courage of this young lady, who laid her life down for her faith, and for her country. Born to devout Catholic parents Jacques d’art and Isabella Rome, SST. Joan of Arc was born on January 6, 1412 in the small village of Dormer, France. She was one of five children which lived on a fifty acre farm which was in the north-eastern part of France. In 1412 at the age of twelve, Joan experienced visions when she was alone in field.
The angels of Saint Michael the Archangel, Saint Catherine of Alexandria, and Saint Margaret the Virgin, had appeared to her and told her to drive out the English in France. She was very surprised that the angels had appeared to her, a woman, to do such a Job. When she was sixteen years old, she went to see Count Robert De Bureaucratic, who was an army commander in the town of Vacuoles, to get permission to see the royal French court. Count Robert De Bureaucratic did not take her seriously and made a Joke of Joan and her visions. He then sent her home.
Along with two other en in January 1429, she returned to have a meeting with the Count to tell him a prediction she had made about an upcoming battle. When Joan was proved right about her prediction, Count Robert De Bureaucratic granted her permission to have a meeting with the Charles VI’. She dressed up as a man and was then escorted along with six other men to Chino. During the private conference with Charles VI’, he was very impressed with Joan and her ideas. She also won the favor with Charles’ mother- in-law and she was sent on an expedition to Orleans.

They thought of her as their only source of light and hope in the hard times of France. After multiple years of the French being humiliated in battle, Joan yet again asked a favor of Charles VI’. She requested for herself to be placed as one of the commanders of the French army. He granted her request by acknowledging the fact that every single one of his plans and strategies have failed, and there was a need for a new plan. Joan then took control of the army, with her intelligent strategies and tactics, and proceeded to win many battles.
With Joan in command, the war was reversed, in favor of the French. She showed outrageous courage and bravery by the many things that she has done in battle. She was also very determined by fighting even after being wounded in the neck by an arrow. The victory of the battle of Orleans was only one of the many battles won. The victory led to the necessity of more offensive action. She then persuaded Charles VII once again, by placing her in co-command of the entire army with Duke John II of Alnico. On May 23, 1430 Joan was captured during an attempted attack and was held a prisoner of war.
She was unable to be released by Charles VIII not intervening with he Duke Philip of Burgundy. Charles VII and the French did not try to save her. She tried to escape many times even by Jumping from a seventy foot tower in which she was held in. Later, the English government then bought Joan for ten thousand francs from Duke Philip of Burgundy and put her under trial. While under trial, Joan was mainly accused of being a heretic, sorceress, and adulteress. People have tried to collect testimony against her, but they could not find any evidence.
Along with the insufficient evidence, the court violated ecclesiastical law by denying her the right to have a legal advisor. The trial had tried many times to accuse Joan of different laws broken, but her intelligence had proved them wrong. Under certain guidelines, Joan should of been placed in an ecclesiastical prison under the supervision of nuns, but instead, he was held in a secular prison and was guarded by actual solders. In conclusion to her trial, she was condemned and sentenced to burn at stake. On May 30, 1941, only being 19 years old, she was tied too tall pillar in front of a large crowd.
Before being tied, she had asked clergymen to hold a crucifix before her while he would be consumed by the burning fire. Immediately after her body had finished burning, the English had burned her remains once more, so that her bodily remains would only be ashes. Afterwards, they castes her remains into the nearby river called the Seine. About 24 years past Jean’s death, the Hundred Years’ War had ended. The weak rule of the young King Henry VI ended the war between France and England. Her ultimate goal of bringing Charles VII was successful. In 1452, Jean’s case had been put on retrial by Pope Casualties Ill.
The main issues f the retrial was to investigate if the original trial had been handled Justly or not. Many different clergymen conducted this investigation, and in June 1456, the court declared her innocent. In conclusion, it wasn’t until 1909 when Joan was beatified. On May 16, 1920, she was cannonaded a saint and martyr in the Holy Roman Catholic Church by Pope Benedict W. Her saint name is now Saint Joan of Arc and is the patron saint of soldiers and France. Also, Many Catholics around the world look up to Saint Joan of Arc as a role model and inspiration. Her feast day is celebrated on May 30th every year.


Robert Lee Frost Biography

Robert Lee Frost is one of the most recognized and prized American poets. On March 26, 1874 Robert was born in San Francisco, California. His father was a writer and his Scottish mother was an educator. When Robert’s father passed away in 1885, his family relocated to Salem, New Hampshire. His mother began to teach at a local high school and Robert enrolled in the school.
His first poetry was published in his school newspaper. He met his sweetheart, Elinor Miriam White, in high school and they graduated together in 1892. After he graduated he went to college at Dartmouth, but he was not fond of the college life. So, he decided to return home and work with his mother at her school and in the town mill. He published his first professional poem in the local newspaper in 1894.
In 1895, Robert and Elinor got married and in 1896 their first child was born. They named him Elliot. The year after, Robert enrolled in college at Harvard and worked to earn his teaching certification. In his sophomore year he became sick and left college, soon after, in 1899 he conceived another child with Elinor, named Lesley. In 1900, his first born child Elliot passed away suddenly.

After some time, he and Elinor went on to have three more children together. Eventually, around 1912, Robert decided to give up teaching all together and take time to travel with his family and focus on his writing. Elinor wanted to travel to England and Robert wanted to go to Vancouver, so after they flipped a coin, they ended up journeying to England. He continued to publish his literature in England and eventually he and his family returned to America in 1915 and bought a farm in New Hampshire.
He continued to publish more works and in 1921 he became poet in residence at Michigan University. Throughout his life he always maintained a close bond with college students, as a visiting poet and as an educator. In 1924 he was the recipient of several honorary degrees, soon after he received his first Pulitzer prizes for poetry.
In 1938 his wife passed away and Robert decided to sell their house and move to Boston, Massachusetts. For the next three years, he taught at Harvard and eventually decided to buy a farmhouse in Vermont. In 1960 President Kennedy requested for Frost to recite a poem at his inauguration, which was a great honor for Robert. Robert Frost died on January 29, 1963 as a grandfather of 11 and a great-grandfather of 13.
“The Road Not Taken” was published by Robert Frost in 1916. The poem is told from the narrator’s perspective about how he stumbles upon a split in the road while traveling on foot through a yellow wooded area. He contemplates each path and determines that both are similarly well-used and tempting. After selecting one of the paths, the narrator says to himself that he visit back to the split in the roads in the future so he can see where the other road may lead.
Quickly, he becomes aware of the fact that he will probably never have the time to come back to the specific fork in the roads, because his selection of the path he takes will guide him to other splits in the road and other choices. The narrator finishes the poem in a sentimental way, pondering how life could have been different if he had decided to journey down the other path.
The first and second lines of the poem talks about how the narrator is traveling on foot and reaches a point in the road where the two paths come to a fork. He quickly comes to the reasoning that he cannot take both paths and must decide which one he will take. These two distinct paths symbolize two different ways of life. The description of the woods being yellow hint to the fact that the season of the poem’s setting is autumn.
Lines 3, 4, and 5 discuss how difficult it is for the narrator to decide which direction he wants to take. He desires to go down both paths, which is impossible and he stands there at the fork pondering for some time. He looks as far as he can down the paths to try and figure out where they lead. This symbolizes a person guessing at what their future may hold depending on the decisions they make.
Although he tries hard, he cannot see past the growth and foliage. Much like a person’s life, they cannot always determine what lies ahead for them. In lines 6, 7, and 8 the narrator refers to the path not chosen as being fair and equal to the one the he decided to take. Then the narrator decides to check the other path because second guesses his first choice and chooses to take the path less traveled, full of grassy growth, and a desire to be traveled on.
In the lines 9 and 10 the narrator realizes that the path he chose is just as worn down as the first path that he was going to take. A first he assumed that his first path of choice was more traveled and as he walked down the second one he soon found that it is just as worn as the first. Lines 11 and 12 the narrator still focuses on the fact that both paths are extremely similar, he begins to either drift into imagination or a flashback.
He thinks about how it was hard for him to choose if the path he has set on is the real road that he walked down that morning. He cannot decide which path is the right one because there is not a trace on the paths that prove a traveler has walked on them before. In lines 13, 14, and 15 the narrator tells himself that he will save the first path for another time in his life. He understands that paths eventually lead to other paths and over time a traveler will end up far from where they began their journey.
Internally, the narrator knows that no matter where life leads him, he will never actually be able to return to the fork in the road and take the other path. The poem is not really about a road at all, it is about life choices and the point of the poem is every choice has its own ups and downs. This poem tells readers that essential life decisions are not always going to be what they are. People often determine their decisions on the consideration of what they think could happen in the future.