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The art and science of leadership Research Paper

This resource has a great amount of information that deals with leadership. This information is further spread into individual subtopics that are easy to down load. The website is quite fast and down loads easily. It also contains very recent updates of the leadership information. Touching on the content, the site starts by listing the concepts of leadership then shows the relationship of leadership and human behavior. It then moves to important aspects of leadership like motivation, character, time management and change. This is a recommended site because of the ease of using it.
Title: The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology
This is a sociological site and it begins with an explanation on the meaning of sociology. The content further spreads to include various modes of orientation of sociological action after which the author explains the various methodological foundations of sociology. Just before the end, the site puts more emphasis on concepts of social relationship and winds this up with various case studies that touch different sociological applications.

This section contains information on English heritage and those of American research center in Egypt. Further sections of this site illustrate various civilizations in China, India and Nanking. The authors then put together various pieces of information form all over the world. The selection is on museums, empires and art sites.
Title: Hyper-history
This is also a historical site that is organized into various sections that can be accessed by all kinds of researchers on specific aspects of history. This site is organized into various groups of people who made history in their time.
Historical divides like science, culture, religion, politics and economy are also tackled differently in this site.
Parts 2. Title: The essential creative resource, communication arts This site is a collection of many ideas and information that is put together from different writers. The information is spread and divided into various sections, each with its own department. The site is divided into latest exhibits, latest web picks, latest fresh and finally latest web picks. Each of these sections has a concentration of ideas in there fields.
It is also important to note that the materials that are posted in the web are authored by different people all who are experts in their fields. The sites have information that is very current and updated. This is very important for any good site because the world is changing and new ideas must be posted every time so tat the readers can get the best and latest data.
SEBASTIAN PROFFESSIONAL
The cover page of this book contains a picture of a lady who is dressed in sleeveless clothing. This image is communicating trends in the society. The authors must have had an intension of revealing the sexy aspect of this cloth and the design company. Read about all the wrong moves
It is true that the society today really cherishes such type of clothing which reveals much of our bodies. This is good especially to the youth and also to a particular people who live in some regions. The nudity in the picture is however questionable because it doesn’t go well with some people and as a matter of truth, many will actually reject the products from this company. They should improve on this.
Source
Essential creative resource, communication arts retrieved 6th Feb 2009 from: http://www. commarts. com/web-sites/sebastian-professional. html

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Music Different Syyles Critical Essay

Music comes in a variety of different styles.  It has been written since the beginning of time, first through singing, and later through rudimentary instruments.  Through the ages, instruments have continued to develop.  String instruments, like violin and cello, were among the first to appear.  Music has changed and grown through the years and as the styles and trends change and different instruments are invented or innovated, new genres of music are invented.  While these styles are vastly different, there are also some prime similarities that remain, even today.
Bach is an early example of music.  He was born in 1685 and is one of the first musicians to compose in the baroque style (the earliest period of what is typically considered “classical” music).  Prior to the baroque period, instrumental music was somewhat less common and didn’t have the same kinds of harmonies and sounds that people are used to today (Sadie).
Bach’s music is purely instrumental, featuring strings, harpsichord, French horns, and trumpets.  Bach’s music typically has a classical instrumentation consisting of strings, brass (French horns, trumpets; no trombones for another 150 years), woodwinds (clarinet, flute, oboe, sometimes bassoon), and harpsichord.  In his day, there was no electricity, and no electronic music.  Orchestras were very small, consisting of approximately 30 to 40 members, as opposed to 60 to 80 member orchestras seen today.  The Brandenburg concertos were written for even smaller ensembles, from 4 to 20 people (Sadie).

The music was also written in very straightforward, now-traditional ways. Harmonies are very traditional, although Bach liked to use some interesting harmonic shifts in his music.  Muted strings are used in some places.  Musical form is frequently sonata form, binary, or ternary.  Rhythms are fairly straight forward, making use of simple and complex time signatures, rarely syncopated rhythms, and very occasionally, triplets.
 There were few pianos yet, either, and its predecessor, the harpsichord, was not capable of dynamic changes.  The piano that did exist was brand new.  “The Well-Tempered Clavier” was written to celebrate the tuning system that had recently been invented, rather than the just intonation used previously.  “Well tempered” intonation allowed the piano to play in any key without being retuned, because it divided the pitches to be each exactly 100 cents (vibration frequency) apart.  The previous intonation system had been based on ancient Pythagoras’s overtone series (Randel).
Bluegrass is another musical style, which originated around the 1600s, when people first began to migrate to the new world.  It is a type of folk music, created by people in certain regions (often mountains).  Folk music is characterized by special instruments, usually acoustic ones.  Some folk music today includes the washtub-bass, the washboard, and blowing across a jar.  Most folk music includes an acoustic guitar and/or a banjo, some type of bass, and often a fiddle.  A fiddle is exactly like a violin, except in the way it is played.  A violin often uses long melodies and rare double stops (playing two notes at the same time on one instrument), while a fiddle uses fast melodies with short notes and lots of double stops (IBMA).
Andrew McKnight is a bluegrass artist.  His music is sometimes instrumental, using very typical folk instruments like acoustic guitar, fiddle, bass, mandolin, and banjo.  A mandolin is actually a Spanish instrument, which shows the diverse influences that helped to create this unique style of music.  It is not always played in such groups, but is reasonably common (IBMA).
“June Apple” is a completely instrumental and very rapid and typical track, using fast fiddling over a running bass line and steady guitar riffs.  The folk music seems similar to jazz, in that several instruments play a common chord progression and one instrument solos over it, using quick rhythms, sliding into the right note, and improvisation.  It also uses a lot of double stops in the fiddle.  Fiddling is really characterized by this type of soloing – use of double stops, sliding into notes, playing quite rapidly, and primarily on the higher strings.  The music does not really have a standard form, besides the chord progression and soloing (IBMA).
This awareness of musical type is portrayed by McKnight’s lyrics in the other example:
Well, you take that mountain fiddle and you bow it
Then you bring in a bit of banjo for that high energy.
Add a little guitar and before you know it the music from the mountains sets you free.
I don`t care what kind of tune you’re pickin’
Swing or folk or bluegrass sounds mighty fine to me
May the hills and hollers keep that music kickin’ and may the music from the mountains set you free
Copywrite © 2002 Dave Payton and Charlie Bowen of the musical group called` The 1937 Flood.`
The lyrics that typically accompany bluegrass music are about everyday life, very simple things, as they are a type of country music (IBMA).
In this particular case, Andrew McKnight is a solo artist.  However, in other cases, bands are made up of four or five different members, in order to cover all of the instruments named above, especially bass, guitar, banjo, and vocals.
Rock/popular music is another, and more recent musical genre.  It began back in the 1950’s with Elvis, and progressed into many different forms and styles (Kingwood College).  Today’s rock/pop music uses primarily electronic instruments, especially guitar, bass, and keyboard.  The music focuses heavily on the use of drum set and guitars, and occasionally other percussion instruments.  It is also almost always accompanied by vocals.  These vocals may be a group of men and/or women, but are frequently solo artists with unnamed backup artists on the track (Sadie).
Persephone’s Bees is a rock/pop group.  It has lyrics done by a single female vocalist (with other females on back up).  It includes a drum set, electric bass, electric guitar, shaker, other percussion instruments, and other electronic effects, done by a keyboard. In total, there are four members of the band. There is some dissonant vocal harmony, very typical of this style of music.  Drum set is featured very prominently in different tracks, laying down the beat for entire song, and using very common rhythms, especially syncopation.  Most tracks are in a steady, fast, common time, or 4/4 meter (Persephone’s Bees).
There are a lot of electronic effects in this style of music, including different styles of electronic guitar, from clean to distorted; strummed to picked.  All of the instruments blend most of the time, except during particular solos, creating a uniform sound.  There are occasionally bass and drum solos.  The song typically fits a standard style of verse/chorus/verse/chorus (repeated any number of times)/bridge/chorus.
Although there are many differences in these styles of music to highlight, there are also many similarities.  For example, every one of these pieces is tonal, which means they make use of traditional harmonies (major chords, in a I-IV-V-I type progression).  There are not many dissonances in any of the pieces, and the dissonances that exist are used very similarly, in the V chord.
All of these pieces are also written in a standard 4/4 meter, and not something unusual.  All feature a steady beat, whether it is heavily emphasized, as in rock/pop styles, or downplayed, as in classical and bluegrass.  Regardless, they all move along at a decent tempo and interest the listener.
Also, these musical styles come from similar influences.  People created them all to have something nice to listen to (and to do, back in old days).  Most of these styles originated in Europe or with people who came from Europe.  Most of the styles have always found a willing audience, whether in a concert hall, garage band, or country fair.
In these ways and more, these musical styles are very much alike.  Music is for everyone, and so it takes many forms.
Musical styles are vast and different, and have changed and evolved through the ages.  Music is available today in many styles and types of all listeners.  However, they have also remained much the same in key ways, simply because listeners want to hear certain kinds of music.  That is, tonal music that is nice to listen to and traditional.  Music is something that all people have and enjoy, in one of its many forms.  In this paper are only three examples of the many different styles of music that are available.
Bibliography
American Music from the 1950’s to 1990’s (2006).  Kingwood College Library.  Accessed November 20, 2006.  Website: http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/music-3.html.
Bluegrass Music: The Roots (2003).  International Bluegrass Music Association.  Accessed November 20, 2006.  Website: http://www.ibma.org/
Persephone’s Bees (2006).  Accessed November 20, 2006.  Website: www.persephonesbees.com.
Randel, Don Michael (2003).  Harvard Dictionary of Music.  Location: Belknap Press.
Sadie, Stanley (2001).  The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.  Location: Oxford University Press.

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Music Critical Analysis

Just like most people, even Native Americans are fond of music. Music has been a universal language to people of different races or even to the different faces in the world. Music has been used centuries before in rituals, chants and dances. For the Native Americans music plays a vital role in shaping their history, as this is very important to their culture as a part of the ceremonies and customs that is led to their generation. The type of music that Native American tribes vary, it is dependent on their preferences and the music which represents their tribes. Gender plays an important role in their music, traditions reflect their kind of music and it greatly influences their preferences.
American Indians music is a platonic type wherein it is basically the homogenous in terms of rhythm and style. It is compose of tune that is predicted to their sense of culture. It is somehow their way of communicating is deeply rooted as their means of understanding themselves. Unlike most people the music that they choose are more on the basis of their product something that is heard only by them. Nowadays different people have similarities in music prefernces and is mostly influenced by one or the other, whether it be jazz, rock or pop.
The type of music that most native Americans listen are monophonic, which is sung with octaves by both men and women, the lyrics that are used are different yet the melody is still the same. Their type of music are usully the ones making unusual melodies and sounds in it but whats important is the story that these melody tells. The natives music piches are high and are in ramdom and is mostly accomodated by flute. This preference stioll varies from each tribe because of the cultural differences and practices that each tribe has.

Although these natives type of music are still intact and preserve, their traditional songs are also influenced and integarte with the modern type of music that we have now. Natives also considers the modern music as a good music because of the influenced by the other Culures like Europeans and the white americans. They are also engage in music such as rok, pop, alternative and love songs that we hear nowadays, through their integration of the cultures of others in order to adopt to the changes.
Teenagers of the natives are listening to hip hops and other new genres of music nowadays. They find these music a way of appreciating the type environment that they are in and in some case because this is what most people listen to as to a bandwagon thing. Their appreciation to the new genres of music is mainly because of the societal role it plays on their tribes or culture.
The Natives although appreciate the modern type of music has somehow managed to still practice and preserve the type of music that they have. Their traditional songs that are still handed down to the following genertaion, ceremonial type of musicis still practiced and are still used in curing the sick. They have their own types of love song that although has some influenced from the modern genres is somehow still reflective on the type of culture and practices they have. It is amazing that despite these changes that we have now, they still manage to parctice their music even if withoutn any music record or recording artist to make a hit.
Music has not onle been a form of entertainment but it has been a way of symbolizing an individuals confinement. Every individual has its own preference of music as this relate to them personally, whether it voices out their emotions or concerns on a particular thing. Muisc is hold to be pleasant as this deviates or soothes an individuals self, as this help a person to cope up. Music nowadays has greatly influence people as this is a universal aspect of communicating to those people with the same aspiration as the other.
REFERENCE:
Reublin R. & Maine B. (2000) Native Americans & American Popular Music. Parlor Songs.(Electronic Source) Retrived from: http://parlorsongs.com/isearch/amerindian.asp
 
 
 
 

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A Universal Language For People – Music Critical Analysis

Just like most people, even Native Americans are fond of music. Music has been a universal language to people of different races or even to the different faces in the world. Music has been used centuries before in rituals, chants and dances. For the Native Americans music plays a vital role in shaping their history, as this is very important to their culture as a part of the ceremonies and customs that is led to their generation. The type of music that Native American tribes vary, it is dependent on their preferences and the music which represents their tribes. Gender plays an important role in their music, traditions reflect their kind of music and it greatly influences their preferences.
American Indians music is a platonic type wherein it is basically the homogenous in terms of rhythm and style. It is compose of tune that is predicted to their sense of culture. It is somehow their way of communicating is deeply rooted as their means of understanding themselves. Unlike most people the music that they choose are more on the basis of their product something that is heard only by them. Nowadays different people have similarities in music prefernces and is mostly influenced by one or the other, whether it be jazz, rock or pop.
The type of music that most native Americans listen are monophonic, which is sung with octaves by both men and women, the lyrics that are used are different yet the melody is still the same. Their type of music are usully the ones making unusual melodies and sounds in it but whats important is the story that these melody tells. The natives music piches are high and are in ramdom and is mostly accomodated by flute. This preference stioll varies from each tribe because of the cultural differences and practices that each tribe has.

Although these natives type of music are still intact and preserve, their traditional songs are also influenced and integarte with the modern type of music that we have now. Natives also considers the modern music as a good music because of the influenced by the other Culures like Europeans and the white americans. They are also engage in music such as rok, pop, alternative and love songs that we hear nowadays, through their integration of the cultures of others in order to adopt to the changes.
Teenagers of the natives are listening to hip hops and other new genres of music nowadays. They find these music a way of appreciating the type environment that they are in and in some case because this is what most people listen to as to a bandwagon thing. Their appreciation to the new genres of music is mainly because of the societal role it plays on their tribes or culture.
The Natives although appreciate the modern type of music has somehow managed to still practice and preserve the type of music that they have. Their traditional songs that are still handed down to the following genertaion, ceremonial type of musicis still practiced and are still used in curing the sick. They have their own types of love song that although has some influenced from the modern genres is somehow still reflective on the type of culture and practices they have. It is amazing that despite these changes that we have now, they still manage to parctice their music even if withoutn any music record or recording artist to make a hit.
Music has not onle been a form of entertainment but it has been a way of symbolizing an individuals confinement. Every individual has its own preference of music as this relate to them personally, whether it voices out their emotions or concerns on a particular thing. Muisc is hold to be pleasant as this deviates or soothes an individuals self, as this help a person to cope up. Music nowadays has greatly influence people as this is a universal aspect of communicating to those people with the same aspiration as the other.
REFERENCE:
Reublin R. & Maine B. (2000) Native Americans & American Popular Music. Parlor Songs.(Electronic Source) Retrived from: http://parlorsongs.com/isearch/amerindian.asp
 
 
 
 

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History of Art Therapy

Art therapy is an effective form of self expression and is now considered to be a viable psychological tool in resolving inner conflicts, and  particularly helps  in the rehabilitation of emotionally disturbed or mentally ill patients.

Through the arts, thoughts,  feelings, and needs are communicated. It must be known that the cornerstone of this mode of therapy is psychoanalysis, which will be explored in detail below.

Art therapy has been supplementing the psychotherapeutic programs in the hospital settings.  It is now widely used in psychiatric hospitals and rehabilitation centers, and, is practiced by qualified art therapists or by psychologists. But when and how did it begin?
To begin to understand the discipline of psychology, and the role psychoanalysis played in the practice of psychotherapy in general, it is noteworthy to mention that while psychoanalysis and psychology have a common background in nineteenth century science,  they were independent of one another for a number of years because of their differences in focus or interests.
Psychology was looking at sensation, perception, memory and thinking – all elements and processes of consciousness.
Whereas, psychoanalysis focused on the unconscious – motivation, emotion, conflict, neurotic symptoms, dreams and character traits. Following World War II, and perhaps, due to the demands of the time, the gap between the two disciplines began to diminish, and thanks to the opportunity offered  to psychologists to train in psychoanalysis  (Hall & Lindzey, 1978).
While the arts as a form of human expression have been around for thousands of years, the merger of psychotherapy and arts therapy was realized in  the 1940’s during the World War II.  Adrian Hill, a professional artist, coined the term “art therapy.”  Hill  turned to his art for his own therapy while he was recovering in a  health sanitarium for tuberculosis patients.
He later had the chance to introduce painting to other patients. He found out that, not only did the patients found satisfaction in their work, but they were able to use it to reveal their repressed feelings  and  trauma of the war (Borowsky,1984).
It was Edith Kramer who made observations on the importance of art for traumatized children. In the late 1930s, Kramer has worked with children of refugees from Nazi, Germany, and she has observed firsthand, how the children responded to stress.
The artwork of these children revealed patterns of unresolved conflicts, regression and even aggression . It must be remembered that these children  have seen the horrible damage done by Hitler (Kramer, 1971).
Kramer emphasized that art expression is an emotional journey toward self-discovery.  In her approach, art as a process is a catharsis. Recreating scenes and images from one’s  past traumatic experience  helps bring the unconscious conflicts unto consciousness, and once catharsis is experienced, relief and positive change follows (Moreno, 1946).
The concept of catharsis is associated with the early psychodynamic theories.  Catharsis is defined by the American Psychological Association (2007) as “the discharge of affects connected to traumatic events that had been repressed by bringing these events back into consciousness and reexperiencing them (p. 153). In this approach, painful experiences are released in therapy, by reliving the suppressed emotions.  Its curative effect is seen in various forms – religion, medicine, literature,  theater and the arts.
Margaret Naumberg founded the Walden School in New York City in 1915. She believed that children best learn and develop when they are encouraged to express themselves through creative pursuits.
She just knew that art is a window to the subconscious mind, and the therapist can best understand the difficulties one is going through by utilizing art as a tool of expression. For her, what is important is what one is consciously or unconsciously expressing through his artwork.
Theories of Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, and the other psychoanalytic thinkers of the time seemed to have been of great influence to Naumberg’s approach to art therapy. The idea that art could be used to enhance diagnosis encouraged not only Naumberg but other early practitioners to study these images and their meanings. Diagnostic drawing and protocols were later developed that led art therapy onto its clinical direction.
Jung believed in the healing power of imagination and creativity. He gave  importance to archetypal symbols, and  even encouraged his patients to fantasize and to explore (Feder, 1981).
It must be recalled, archetypes are thought forms that create image that correspond to normal waking life, such as an image of a mother figure, that is then identified with the actual mother. Jung pointed out that feelings are explored through a variety of ways. Flow of images are represented in drawing, painting, sculpture, music and movement .
Meanwhile, Freud provided the foundation for understanding psychoanalytic processes when he discussed much about symbols in dreams through his writings.
Freud believed that  dreams are predominantly visual. However, much of the dream experience is lost in the interpretation of these images into words. He believed that patients could best draw an image, what they were unable to describe in writing (Feder).
Naumberg came to realize through their theories that art expression is a technique that has the innate capacity to unavel repressed material, much like verbal therapy. She recognized that one’s unconscious feelings and thoughts are best expressed in images than in words. Also, to further illustrate its parallelism to psychoanalysis, take for instance the created images in artworks.
These are seen as external symbols of one’s thoughts and a skilled therapist could best use these images to elicit feelings, much like the idea of transference.  Integrative transformation  or healing is made possible when this experience is made part of an art therapy session.
The concept of transference is the cornerstone of the theory and practice of psychoanalysis which originated with Freud.  Simply, transference is reacting to a person in the present as though he or she were a person in one’s past. Freud opined that during therapy sessions, patients were unconsciously “transferring” the feelings and attitudes they had toward early significant figures onto their  therapist.
Since then, he knew that the “transferential” relationship between the patient and the therapist is actually the curative element in psychoanalysis.

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Memories and nostalgia: reframing memories through art works

Abstract
This work will present a summary of the main concepts behind my own artwork, a brief reflection on who has inspired my ideas for my own artwork and why, an explanation of the concepts for my display and a reflection on the messages behind my own artwork. The work ends with an evaluation of how well I think my ideas have worked.
Introduction

In terms of the main concept behind my own artwork, I have focused on the 25 years of my marriage (my silver jubilee). My initial ideas regarding my marriage were that we create memories when we have a relationship with somebody. These memories can be embodied in physical objects – such as worn out papers or empty perfume bottles or special jewelry – or can be more ephemeral, existing as a memory of a particular moment. All of these memories are important, however, in terms of enabling us to recreate our memory of a particular time, event, person or relationship. Based on this and from my previous subject, which is related to memories and nostalgia, I wanted to explore how we can, as individuals, reformulate our old memories with a beautiful artistic style for the memories to be displayed as part of our every day experiences.
My 25th wedding anniversary – the silver wedding anniversary – was, for me, a very special time that led me to reflect on my life. I was inspired, through these reflections, to create a complete jigsaw puzzle containing 25 pieces, each of which would contain one important event from each year of our marriage and some writing (on the back of the jigsaw piece) about our marriage. I was struck with the idea of creating a jigsaw as I realized that relationships are like jigsaws and memories are like jigsaw pieces: a marriage is made of many different events (pieces), some of which are good, some of which are bad, and it is only when all of these memories are reflected on as a whole (the completed jigsaw puzzle) that the success of the marriage can be evaluated as a whole.
In terms of what I wanted to articulate to my audience and why, the main purpose of choosing this puzzle form is to deliver the meaning of the family bonding and the fact that every part of the jigsaw – as with every part of a family – is complementary to the group as a whole. It is only when the jigsaw (family) is together that one can see the whole picture (i.e., only when a family is together and the family history is understood can an individual understand their roots and, from this, begin to understand themselves and their place in the world). Like a jigsaw, an individual – or a relationship such as a marriage – is composed of many different pieces, some of which are unpleasant, some of which are joyful or sad or hard work, but what is clear is that all of these pieces make a whole and without one of the pieces, there would be no whole.
In terms of how my exhibition will reflect my thinking and the concepts behind my work, I believe there is a difference between truth and fiction, which individuals maintain even in their private lives. Sometimes individuals can mis-remember certain aspects of their lives – especially painful or uncomfortable aspects of their lives – as a safety mechanism, to prevent them from being repeatedly hurt by the events that occurred. As a result, the truth becomes blurred with time, with memories reflecting the fiction that the individual has created as a result of their desire to hide the (uncomfortable) truth. Additionally, events that are remembered very fondly can often become exaggerated in their joyfulness and happiness, this again leading to a bending of the truth, creating nostalgia for these happy events in the mind of the individual. My work explores, through reflections on my 25 years of marriage, these ideas, exploring how individuals remember their personal histories, through stories and memorabilia that retain memories for them.
This is not a new concept, however, as many artists are interested in the issue of memories and their truths. Grayson Perry’s work, for example, uses photographs that are meant to represent truthful events and moments of truth, but these photographs are juxtaposed with very sentimental aspects of memory (Klein, 2013; Perry, 2011). His tapestries, such as the 2012 The Adoration of the Cage Fighters (available for viewing at http://www.artnet.com/artwork/426208267/759/grayson-perry-the-adoration-of-the-cage-fighters.html), show complex images that presumably invoke certain memories for the artist, including images of paintings in a gallery, images of a private house, images of a mother and child and a group of friends, plus some central. The images are all connected with a pink line, presumably a reference to the idea that memories, although disparate, are connected and connect together to form one’s own personal life history (Perry and Jones, 2007).
Other tapestries of his, such as the Annunciation of the Virgin Deal (available for viewing at http://www.artnet.com/artwork/426208310/759/grayson-perry-the-annunciation-of-the-virgin-deal.html) show simple household scenes, this one showing several scenes from presumably one house, with several family members being shown engaged in various homely activities, including reading a newspaper, standing in the kitchen, cuddling a baby on the settee and standing at a central dining table that is adorned with all the frills of a normal British home. This tapestry, as with many of Perry’s other tapestries, is autobiographical, the artist has used his memories to recreate a reproduction of a religiously-themed Renaissance work of art (this time the Annunciation) to dwell on the idea of memory and nostalgia. His work is complex and multi-layered, just like memories. Details are of extreme importance in his work, as it is the details that memory dwells on to create nostalgia about a particular event or occurrence in one’s past life.
Similarly, in the work of Natasha Kerr, images – usually from photographs – are used to recreate a particular feeling or memory in the work as a whole (Davies, 1996). Her body of work evokes, in its resemblance to, Victorian scrapbooks. Her 2010 work Bembow Bees (available for viewing at http://www.olympia-art-antiques.com/node/695), for example, is stunning, visually captivating, using hexagons to generate visual interest, with the photograph taking central place in the piece, drawing the eye in and creating curiosity in the viewer as to what the significance of the photo – and more particularly the people in the photo – is to the artist. The soft colours used in the work – with the artist choosing this soft colour palette across most of her work – encourages a sense of calm and reflection in the viewer, inviting the viewer, through the nostalgia her work invokes, to reflect on their own memories and to become a little nostalgic about their own life.
As Kerr’s biography states on her website, her particular form of art making was stimulated by a bag of old family photographs her mother gave her that stimulated her to think about her own – unknown – family history. She then began experimenting with using old photographs to create art pieces, this leading to the creation of her installation There are things that you don’t need to know in a Victorian terrace house in Battersea, London. This installation piece included various media – paintings, sounds, smells and objects placed museum-like in the house. As with all of Kerr’s work, there is ambiguity surrounding the past, with stories not being fully revealed and mysteries and problems being hinted at subtly in her art works. This is akin to the way individuals can feel about their own past or their own family history: sometimes we do not know the truth or we try to hide the truth, especially when the truth is uncomfortable. It is these ‘hidden histories’ that fascinate Kerr and captivate viewers of her artwork: the unknown becomes poignant in Kerr’s work, captivating viewers and, as has been stated, inviting viewers on a perhaps uncomfortable journey to unknown or hidden corners of their own life histories or their own family histories.
Concepts for display
In terms of what I will do and how I will do it, the following shows a series of steps and methods for producing the work I plan to display:
I will form the external mold and its details according to the relative event via the illustrator program.
I’ll use the Photoshop to work on the images that will be included in the pieces. During this process, I intend to change the colours present in the images to represent my feelings about the images chosen. I chose a simple three colour palette: dark for sadness and pain; grey for ambiguous memories; and pink for joy and happiness.
Adding symbols evidencing events, for example, national flags to symbolize travel; club insignia to symbolize our involvement with such clubs; broken hearts to symbolize deaths; and an Olympic torch, to represent my son carrying the Olympic torch last year.
Using printing to print the work on several types of fabrics such as Chiffon, silk, and papers
Using the sewing for some pieces related to the presentation.
Using laser to cut the puzzle with paperboard as well as fabrics.
Gluing the images on the puzzle’s pieces and writing on the second face (to comment on the events with my sons and my husband, every one of them will express his feelings on his own piece)
Regarding the devices I intend to use to make aspects of my work more accessible to others, I have thought of several possible mechanisms that could be used to make the work more easily viewable and more accessible for viewers:
I will hang the work from the ceiling in the center of the exhibition so that the audiences can see the images on one side of the pieces and the writing in the other side
I will develop another complete template (a special memories) to be displayed on the presentation table to allow audiences to participate actively in the installation and to ensure their effective participation.
I intend to make the art piece interactive by allowing every visitor to take two pieces of the puzzles after the installation, in the form of a heart to reserve it for him.
I will develop special cards for the audiences write their comments on the presentation. I will keep these as memories for myself.
I will arrange accompanying and important things to attract the audience like buying an old table for presentation and manufacturing the old box for the special pieces of audiences, a pen and an old inkwell.
In terms of the message behind my work, I hope that my work encourages visitors to think about their own special relationships, first and foremost, and to reflect on their own lives: its ups and downs, its joys and sadness and its highs and lows. Life is a many splendored thing, with many twists and turns: if life teaches us anything, it’s that we should be grateful for what we have and we should savor every moment. We can live life as if we had been granted an eternal lifetime or we can live life as it is: limited and precious. I mainly hope that my artwork will inspire people to feel they should live more fully.
Conclusion
In terms of an evaluation of how well I think my ideas have worked, I am proud of my idea for my artwork and feel that it worked really well as an installation piece. I think my final jigsaw was visually stimulating, interesting, and I am looking forward to my visitors finding it very interesting. In addition, I hope that I can help audiences to reframe their memories using different techniques and materials. I love the idea of making a piece of art about my life, and about my marriage: it is something that I will have on display in my home. Better than photographs in albums or scrapbooks, I can display this art piece and see the 25 years of my marriage every day. I will look at it and it will make me happy for many years to come.
References
Davies, F. (1996). Natasha Kerr. Aquarium.
Klein, J. (2013). Grayson Perry. Penguin.
Perry, G. (2011). Grayson Perry: the tomb of the unknown craftsman. Penguin.
Perry, G. and Jones, W. (2007). Grayson Perry: portrait of the artist as a young girl. Penguin.