IdeaFrankensteinContextBladerunnerContext Doppelganger, defining qualities of humans and monsters•Doppelgangers confront •Ambiguity of narrative: M not real unless F story verified > connection between the two (Gothic) •Quest for knowledge, revenge, masculinity, eloquence, love of nature: M: “The very winds whispered in soothing accents, and maternal nature bade me weep no more” and F: “my spirits were elevated by the enchanting appearance of nature” •Humanity vs. ambition •Solidarity vs. connection Blurring between the two – creativity, logic, beauty, abhorrence •Abomination as human > moral dilemma. Isolated, Laconian figure during monologue evokes pity. Rhetorical questions “Why should I pity man more than he pities me? Shall I respect man when he condemns me? ” •“the sun shone upon me as upon man”•City vs. Country, industrial revolution •Gothicism – nature, horror, monsters within society •Science overthrowing God – still human? •Doppelgangers confront •Knowledge vs.
instinct •Group vs. isolated genius •Deckard ‘becomes’ a replicant Replicants positioned as logical, responsive , intuitive, beautiful: Z: vitality; L: revenge, fear, brutality; P: Roy’s kiss, positioning of tongue, immature, instinctive, honest kiss with R in front of S; R: instinct, reason, curiosity, humour, understanding and acceptance •Z: public place: mash of culture with their hats on, no connection except murder and death •L: D’s doppelganger? R (empathy and connection to D) shoots him •P: death of abandoned toy: materialism killed her: laughing doll •R: renewal, baptism, dove, blue light sky, lasting connection to D•Impersonal information society •Migration – different cultures > globalisation Contraception• Responsibility of creator and ethical responsibilities of scientists•F vs. M •Tacit deal – F made M so he is responsible for him •M = empathy, F = selfishness, ambition •V: greatest good for greatest number •Progress needs to be tempered by human empathy •Pride and ambition lead to suffering •Usurpation of God contradicts responders beliefs and highlight ethical breach “I should have been your Adam, but I am the fallen angel [Lucifer]” •F pleads for a mate. Foucaulian shift: M more human “You must create a mate for me… I demand it as a right to which you must concede” > “You are my creator but I am you master – obey! •empiricism and modernism •scientific development and industrial revolution – no questioning of morals – pantheism •well received because of hierarchical society – F tells all levels to “seek happiness in tranquillity and avoid ambition” – confirmation of values•Tyrell vs. Roy •Created seeks out creator – dopplegangers •Created more perfect than creator •Created still dependant though independent of creator •Ethereal vs. physical/ sensual •Creations ‘more human than human’ •Science and progress at detriment of humanity •Impersonal and personal connections Tyrell objectifies replicants: “she is an experiment, nothing more,” “you are the prodigal son”•Consumerism •Globalisation – transnationalism •Capitalism •Loss of identity through loss of culture •Mass migration •Technology as a part of life Criticism of genius•‘genius’ > pride, ambition > downfall •Genius removes you from human connection > God complex •Progress must not give way to indulgence •M. objectified in the quest for scientific advancement •Superficiality of society and lack of concern for human suffering “If you could precipitate me into one of those ice- rifts… you would not call it murder.
•F’s creation and pride is corruption of God’s work (storm) •“the cup of life was poisoned forever, and although the sun shone upon me, as upon the happy and gay of heart, he saw around him noting but a dense and frightful darkness” •“as the dazzling light vanished, the oak had disappeared, and nothing remained but a blasted stump… entirely reduced to thin ribbons of wood” foreshadowing •Destruction of innocence and family – Elizabeth, Clerval, William•Scientists, philosophers and historians elevated to great levels of importance •Reactionaries to change •Man creating own destiny – Reformation Effects of industrial revolution – science at the cost of humanity – grave robbers •Setting: distinction between nature and human society, the sublime, Romanticism – Byron and Percy (criticism – applies both F and M to nature), comfort, science lab and university. •Questions pantheism and ‘casual’ science, galvanism•Being removed from being human > holding yourself above others > detriment •Instinct and logic is greater than intellect (more human) •Overcrowded, paradoxical city, C’s inhospitable lab, T’s Godlike palace, S’s dilapidated and pathetic home•Impersonal corporatism, mass media •Migration – take over of minority groups Archetypical evil genius – society moe used to impersonal figures of power The agony of isolation and the Outsider•Progress – isolation •Don’t take human connection for granted •Destruction of Bride: M’s last hope of connection destroyed (setting) lose hope •Humanity vs. M •M vs. F•Shelley affair > socially shunned •Prejudice when revealed she was author (young, 19yo woman)•Genius > isolation •Knowledge = power •Safety in numbers•Tough military life, searching for stability, wanting what’s impossible •Impersonal corporate worlds
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