philosophy

  
Part 3: Final Paper
This is a 1,200-1,700 word analytical paper on a local issue that you isolate and develop: Immigrants are considered second to Natives (Americans). You will have the topic approved in week 4. You will choose a moral issue, consider and fairly state opposing views on this issue and offer a clear argument in support of one of those views. The paper will apply moral theories using logical analysis, in order to demonstrate your understanding of complex real world moral issues. The paper will use the elements of philosophical reasoning to identify and analyze a moral issue in the local community thereby demonstrating the relevance of philosophical thinking to everyday life. See the grading rubric for more details.
You just submit your final paper in two places, the assignment folder and in turnitin.  Failure to submit either one will result in a 50% loss of your grade for this paper.
To assist you in further clarifying what your paper should look like, use the following checklist:
___1.  The paper is 1,200-1,700 words long.
___2.  Double-spaced, using WORD or similar program.
___3.  You submitted the paper in the assignment folder AND in turnitin (failure to do either represents a 50% loss of points)
___4.  The paper addresses the same topic submitted in week 4 and partially developed in week 7.  The topic is a local topic.
___5.  Your position is clearly stated in paragraph 1.
___6.  Your position is clearly supported using external evidence, including in significant ways the materials and resources provided in previous weeks, with proper in-text citations and full references at the end.  This is the main evaluative item for your final paper.
___7.  The paper will apply moral theories using logical analysis, in order to demonstrate your understanding of complex real world moral issues.
___8.  The paper will use the elements of philosophical reasoning to identify and analyze a moral issue in the local community thereby demonstrating the relevance of philosophical thinking to everyday life.
___9.  1-2 paragraphs well-substantiated are used to provide opposing views and how you respond to the opposing views, in both cases using in-text citations of the external sources used and with proper references at the end.
___10. There are no typos and paragraphs are of adequate length (not too long).
The grading rubric for this final project paper is holistic:
A papers: (90-100) Are strong in each of the items above.
B papers: (80-89) Lack some of the qualities of A papers but are still reasonably strong.
C papers: (70-79) Lack a good number of the qualities of A papers, and are solid but not strong.
D papers: (60-69) Lack enough of the qualities of this paper that they are below acceptable college standards.
F papers: (0-59) Miss the boat entirely or violate plagiarism rules. 
I advise you to read the following in order to prevent your paper from becoming a compilation of quotes, or totally devoid of them:  http://en.writecheck.com/blog/2013/01/16/writing-tip-20-how-much-of-my-paper-can-be-quotes
The following distinguishing between summarizing, quoting and paraphrasing http://isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k70847&pageid=icb.page350378
Submit in the assignment folder AND in turnitin.com.  Missing one of the two submissions implies an immediate loss of 50%.
Part 2
Now that you have your topic-Moral Issue in my community: Immigrants are considered second to Natives (Americans), in this next step in the evolution of your final paper you need a mid-point task, which means that you now need to provide enough material to demonstrate partial mastery of the topic and demonstrate that you have identified key resources and arguments.  It’s also important to introduce one or more contrary arguments to your position with their source(s).  This means using proper citation and references.
This mid-point for your paper demonstrate
clarity of topic and purpose
solid arguments
solid rebuttal
ability to cite and reference your sources
YOUR TASK:  In a paper of between 500 and 800 words DOUBLE SPACE provide the following overview of your final project.
1. State the position you will support.
2. Sketch the relevant background for the issue.
3. Sketch the argument you will make in the paper supporting your position. Mention at least 2 authors/ideas/theories found in this course which you will use in the final composition.
4. Give at least one objection that an opponent to your position may offer, drawing from your research AND providing the proper citation and reference of the source where the counter argument was found.
5. Briefly, how will you respond to your opponent?
PLEASE NOTE:
At the beginning of your submission include the following checklist properly marked to indicate that you have completed the assignment properly:
CHECKLIST FOR PART TWO OF FINAL PAPER
_____1.  I stated my position clearly in the first paragraph.
_____2.  I sketched the relevant background for the issue in 1-2 paragraphs.
_____3.  I Sketched the argument supporting my position in 1-2 paragraphs, using at least 2 authors/ideas/theories found in this course.
_____4.  I give at least one objection that an opponent of my position may offer providing a citation and a reference.
_____5.  I briefly described how I will respond to my opponent.
_____6.  My paper is 500-800 words long DOUBLE SPACE
_____7.  I spell-checked my document.
Submit to assignment folder and turnitin.com
Part One, Topic Selection (Moral Issue in my community). Immigrants are considered second to Natives (Americans).
The societal engagement provides a significant focus on some of the critical issues, which need to be discussed and provide a beneficial environment where it is possible to achieve a higher level of engagement within a given community. Moral issues define individual relations within a community environment. Moral issues, therefore, involve a difference in ideologies where an idea that is held by a specific group might harm the wellbeing of others within the same social environment. Thus, they are issues that involve a difference in belief rather than preference. Moral issues are also explained based on a similar perspective with ethical issues since they focus on developing a higher level of understanding within a given social environment (Ljunge, 2014).  Therefore, a moral issue that will form the basis of this research is the current issue within my community where immigrants are considered second to natives (Americans). The idea that an individual has more right to a safe country than another individual because they are born in the country is a significant moral issue that needs to be highly engaged.
The consideration of immigrants as second to natives is a moral issue because this notion advances a very complicated idea that is based on open discrimination against one another. The immigrants have same rights as natives, and no specific element creates a difference between them and the natives. This moral issue has created significant differences between the natives and immigrants since the immigrants consider themselves as being inferior to natives. Even though it is true that immigrants are born in other countries, the fact that they live together with natives should form an essential background where they need to develop positive relations with natives without any form of discrimination.
Discrimination within the society is a serious societal issue, which is based on the existing stereotypes and ideologies against immigrants. A critical stereotype that exists among the natives is that immigrants come to create unnecessary competition on the existing resources and jobs and thus create a negative attitude towards the immigrants. It is essential to understand that immigrants usually come because of different reason with a key reason being a search for better lives since most of them comes from unstable countries where there is war because of political or social differences between citizens. It is, therefore, necessary to show love to such individuals to understand the exact definition of humanity and not to see them as competition, which is based on negative stereotypes that have been created (Caldwell-Harris, 2015).
The existing difference in values and cultural beliefs should form the basis under which diversity within the community should be appreciated and ensure that individuals live harmoniously where they interact freely without any limitations. Discriminatory issues were rampant in the past, and thus there is need to maintain moral and ethical standards where it is possible to ensure that there are positive interactions between individuals regardless of their background. Morality is based on a crucial focus on the needs of each other where individuals can be able to coexist and advance similar ideologies to promote better societal moral standards (Oberman, 2017).
References
Caldwell-Harris, C. L. (2015). Emotionality differences between a native and foreign language: Implications for everyday life. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(3), 214-219.
Ljunge, M. (2014). Trust issues: Evidence on the intergenerational trust transmission among children of immigrants. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 106, 175-196.
Oberman, K. (2017). Immigration, citizenship, and consent: What is wrong with permanent alienage? Journal of Political Philosophy, 25(1), 91-107.
Part 2
Position I Will Support
I will support the position that immigrants are second to natives. The reason why this is so stems from the fact that the United States has long been defined by fear and nativism; those born on in America believe that they are entitled to more rights and opportunities. Nativism is not healthy because it propagates a mentality of hate to people that are of a different origin than us. Additionally, it is worth mentioning that it nativism paints a picture of intolerance; where citizens by birth choose not to appreciate the difference between them and immigrants. 
Background of the Problem 
The problem of immigrants being considered second to natives can be summed up into a “scarcity mentality”. It is the scarcity mentality that makes the natives feels that immigrants have come to take all their opportunities; especially land and job opportunities. For example, a number of natives in America have for a long time perceived Mexicans as ‘free loaners’; happy to see that they face challenges such as getting insurance and official papers (Caldwell-Harris, 2015). It is within the desire of natives that all immigrants are deported; so unaware are they of how immigrants contribute to the economy of the U.S. and how their stay does not affect their success.
Sketch of the Argument 
The issue of immigrants being considered second to natives raises a lot of ethical and moral questions. These questions resonate with the moral basis of this particular research and why a developed and civilized people like Americans would allow discrimination in their midst. Another way to put the insecurity of native into perspective is to define their critical stereotype. The critical stereotype that exists among the natives is that immigrants come to America to bring about unnecessary competition on the existing resources (Ljunge, 2014). 
Objection
One objection that an opponent to my position may offer drawing from my research is that proper scientific, economic planning, and seeking demographic ends is the key to global development. Such opponents are bound also to say that the philanthropy which advocates for acceptance of immigrants is self-negating because all resources do not multiply naturally. 
How Will I respond to my opponent? 
I will tell my opponent that when our fore fathers were onboard the Mayflower to come to America, they were not entitled to any land or any resources. The land originally belonged to the Native Americans. My point would be that America is a home to all peoples regardless of their immigration status. One reason is that if we are to look at the subject of nativism, only Native Americans such as the Navajo should remain in North Americans (Oberman, 2017). It can be argued Caucasian Americans of British descent ought to have stay in Europe, but there is no need of such divisive politics. Arguing who came first or who is more deserving will not take the country forward. The present differences in cultural beliefs and values ought to form the basis under which the diversity in the community ought to be acknowledged and make sure that people live harmoniously where they interact freely minus any form of limitations. 

References
Caldwell-Harris, C. L. (2015). Emotionality differences between a native and foreign language: Implications for everyday life. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 24(3), 214-219.
Ljunge, M. (2014). Trust issues: Evidence on the intergenerational trust transmission among children of immigrants. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 106, 175-196.
Oberman, K. (2017). Immigration, citizenship, and consent: What is wrong with permanent alienage? Journal of Political Philosophy, 25(1), 91-107

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