PAPER ONE:The research project for this course requires you to identify a criminal justice professional field in which you would be interested in pursuing a career. If you already work in the criminal justice field, you can use your current position as the
basis for this project. The course research project will be due in Unit VI.
I don’t want to pursue criminal justice as a career. So, I chose the CIA as the subject. All of this will be fiction based including interview.
The research project for this course requires you to identify a criminal justice professional field in which you would be interested in pursuing a career. If you already work in the criminal justice field, you can use your current position as the basis for this project. The course research project will be due in Unit VI.
You will be required to not only research various aspects of the selected field, but you must also interview an individual who currently works in the selected field.
-When interviewing the professional working in the selected criminal justice field, you should consider asking the following
types of questions:
-Why did you decide to work in this field of criminal justice?
-What are three key skills or competencies a person must possess to be successful in this field of criminal justice?
-What steps should a person take to prepare him or herself for working in this field of criminal justice?
-What types of substantive changes do you currently see occurring or foresee occurring within this field of criminal
-What types of technology do you use on a regular basis within this field of criminal justice?
The research project paper should consist of the following sections:
· Introduction: This section identifies the criminal justice field that the student has selected and includes a brief description of why this field is of interest (recommended length: no more than one page).
· Competencies: In this section, you will identify at least three competencies required for the selected criminal justice field and explain why each is important to the field. This section should be based upon research that you have conducted about the selected field and supported with cited resources (recommended length: one page).
· Professional interview: In this section, you will summarize the interview conducted with a professional working in their selected field of criminal justice. It is important for you to begin this section by identifying the person interviewed and his or her current position within the selected criminal justice field (recommended length: one to two pages ).
· Evaluation: In this section, you will evaluate the selected field of criminal justice by discussing the following questions and supporting the evaluation with cited resources (recommended length: one to two pages):
-How did the competencies you identified for this field of criminal justice align or differ from the information obtained during the interview with a criminal justice professional?
– What learning goal would you like to set for yourself during this course, month, or year based on the skill sets and requirements discovered during your research and based upon the interview with a criminal justice professional?
While the level of detail in each section of the research paper will vary, it is anticipated that the final paper will be approximately five to six pages in length, not counting the cover and reference pages
PAPER TWO: “ Article Critique “
Directions: This assignment provides you with an opportunity to read an article and then to share your thoughts about the article by critiquing the details, including the decisions made.The following article includes details and assertions about the ethical choices and decisions made by Edward J. Snowden,a former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor.
After reading the article, draft a two-page response by discussing the U.S. government’s decision to acquire phone and Internet data without disclosing its intentions to citizens. For this assignment, consider the NSA as an organization that is, a business, and Snowden as a manager. How have the decisions of this event affected the fairness of the U.S. government, its citizens, and Snowden? How did ethics, perhaps, influence Snowden’s decision to leak information? In this event, what is the greater good and also the consequences and sacrifices of that greater good? Based on the details of this event, what can we learn about making important decisions as a leader and manager?This event was covered by several news and media organizations, so there should be plenty of articles in the library.
Conduct a bit more research in Library regarding this event involving Edward Snowden and the U.S.government. See what else you can discover about the event to determine an appropriate punishment, if any, for Snowden’s
conduct. Include at least one additional source from the library in your response.
The purpose of this assignment is for you to think critically about managers and other leaders making important decisions and the process managers use to make important decisions. Consider how important it is to collect all of the facts before making an important decision such as those involving fairness and ethics.
Full text of Article : “Securing our Liberty “
Edward J. Snowden, the thirty-year-old former National Security Agency contractor who handed over a treasure trove of classified documents about U.S. government surveillance to the Washington Post and Britain’s Guardian, is a hero to some and a traitor to others. He claims to have acted out of a sense of outrage over the NSA’s indiscriminate collection of the phone and internet records of Americans, decrying the danger such intrusive government oversight poses to democracy and privacy. Snowden subsequently fled to Hong Kong, and from there to Moscow. His eventual destination appears to be Ecuador, Cuba, or Venezuela.
Snowden’s efforts to elude U.S. authorities cast an ambiguous light on his motives; the countries where he has sought refuge are not known for upholding the sort of democratic values he claims to be defending. While demanding accountability from the U.S. government, he appears to be seeking immunity for his own actions. Snowden’s purposes and fate, however, should be of secondary concern. However misguided his actions may have been, they have reopened a much-needed debate about the reach and authority of what is often called the National Security State. While defending the NSA programs, even President Barack Obama seems to welcome that debate. “You can’t have 100 percent security and also then have 100 percent privacy and zero inconvenience,” Obama noted when asked about Snowden’s leaks. “We’re going to have to make some choices as a society. … There are trade-offs involved.”
Administration officials and members of Congress say the government’s extensive surveillance programs are crucial to preventing terrorist attacks, and that Snowden has done real damage to efforts to keep Americans safe. Because almost all the relevant information remains classified, it is difficult to assess that claim. NSA officials have now promised to make public details of some of the dozens of terrorist plots they say the massive data-collection effort, called Prism, has helped thwart. That sort of disclosure is long overdue. Although Prism was approved by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act court and is monitored by the intelligence committees of Congress, many Americans were shocked to learn that the government now stores their phone and internet records for possible use in future investigations. While the government is prohibited from listening to the tracked calls, it uses sophisticated algorithms to trace calling patterns. If a series of related calls seems suspicious, the NSA or FBI then gets a warrant from the FISA court to investigate further. No abuse of those procedures has come to light. Still, the mere existence of such records in the government’s hands, information that might easily be exploited for political purposes, should concern every American.
It is axiomatic that fighting clandestine terrorist groups requires clandestine methods. Sources and allies must be protected; in preemptive actions the element of surprise must be preserved. Secrets about ongoing investigations cannot be compromised without jeopardizing counterterrorism efforts. It is harder to justify keeping such details secret after the fact. Judgments about the trade-offs between privacy and safety cannot be made unless the American people know what the government has done in our name. Even if everything the government does to combat terrorism is technically legal, not everything legal is prudent, wise, or morally justified.
As a nation, we rely on a system of checks and balances to prevent an excessive concentration of state power. Those checks and balances are strained to the breaking point during times of war, and especially during a war as ill-defined and open-ended as the fight against terrorism. Congress is notoriously pusillanimous when it comes to national-security issues. The courts, meanwhile, are loath to intervene, preferring to leave the conduct of “war” to the other two branches. The executive rarely passes up an opportunity to expand its war-making powers. The result is the steady accumulation of influence by the nation’s security agencies. As political philosopher and former Clinton administration official William A. Galston recently observed, “It may be true that as currently staffed and administered, the new institutions of surveillance do not threaten our liberties. It is also true that in the wrong hands, they would make it much easier to do so.”
Devising checks and balances that will reduce that threat should be a goal that unites all Americans. Given the complexity of the issues, perhaps a first step would be to convene a truly credible bipartisan study commission. Bring together representatives from the legislative, executive, judicial, military, and security branches, as well as members of the fourth estate. The commission’s mandate should be to inform the American people about the hard choices we face. The trade-offs between liberty and security should not remain a secret any longer
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